Material and style of binding;

If possible, whether the book was pre-bound (i.e. created from a blank paperbook) or post-bound after compilation; briefly provide evidence if possible

Manuscript Note
Beinecke Osborn c110

Post-Bound (stitched). 2-3 stitched gatherings, likely stitched together after compilation.

Beinecke Osborn c111

Full calf; gilt decoration on spine; tie binding.

Beinecke Osborn c116

Pre-bound paperbook. The majority of the book is blank.

Full morocco, gilt decoration, page edges.

Marbled endpapers.

Beinecke Osborn c130

Seemingly six gatherings.

Contemporary vellum on boards.

Beinecke Osborn c135

Pre-bound paperbook.

Signs of slanted writing to avoid the gutter or adjusting to the edge of the page.

Full red morocco, gilt decoration.

Beinecke Osborn c138

Full parchment.

Beinecke Osborn c139–142

Pre-bound paperbooks. The writing in c.139 conforms to gutters and page-edges, with wide margins and fairly generous use of white space. c.140 may have been bound after compilation but it seems more likely that the compiler was just a skilled penman.

All half calf over marbled paper boards. 

Gilt on each spine: c.139: "Collection of Poems 2"; c.140: "Collection of Poems 3"; c.141: "Miscellaneous Manuscripts, 3"; c.142: "Miscellaneous Manuscripts 4."

Beinecke Osborn c143

Full calf; gilt decoration on spine.

In gilt on spine: "Poems" (despite relatively few poems and the book's other uses).

Spotted fore-edge.

Beinecke Osborn c147

Pre-bound paperbook. Book is filled, but lines stay well away from gutter. Contents compile presentation poems to various individuals.

Page-edges coloured red.

Full sheep, gilt decoration.


Beinecke Osborn c149

Pre-bound. Book seems to consist of six gatherings, many blank pages.

Half calf over marbled paper boards.

Beinecke Osborn c150

Pre-bound paperbook. Writing is adjusted to gutter and end of page.

Sewing marks of six gatherings very clear; also can be seen under damaged part of spine.

Original vellum.

Beinecke Osborn c152

Pre-bound paperbook, given as a gift; about half the volume is blank.

Contemporary paneled calf; gilt decoration.

The front cover is detached.

Beinecke Osborn c153

Gilt black morocco.

Beinecke Osborn c154

Pre-bound paperbook (writing to the very edge of the pages, and a number of blank pages). 

Paneled speckled calf; gilt decoration.

Beinecke Osborn c156

Pre-bound paperbook. Writing goes to the edge of the page.

Covers missing; only worn spine left; loose pages.

Beinecke Osborn c157

Post-bound, after compilation (writing right into the gutter). 

“POETRY” handwritten on spine.


Beinecke Osborn c162

Post-bound (stitched).

One gathering, stitched together likely after initial transcription.

Visible red thread at the end of the first poem, in the centre of the gathering.

Beinecke Osborn c163

Post-Bound (stitched). Only one stitched gathering (a quire), likely stitched together after transcription.

No cover, no binding.

Beinecke Osborn c165

Post bound (stitched). One stitched gathering; writing in gutters indicates post-stitching. 

Beinecke Osborn c167

Post-Bound (stitched). One stitched gathering. Three blank leaves at the end, and numerous leaves cut out.

Different page arrangements and some writing very near gutter (p. 43, p. 20) suggests stitching after transcription.

Beinecke Osborn c169

Post-Bound (stitched).

Not a gathering, rather a set of bifolia stitched together with paper covers.

Beinecke Osborn c170

Pre-bound notebook. Single gathering with stitching at p. 24 and p. 25. Strong sense of margins and gutters.

Marbled paper wrapper.

Beinecke Osborn c172


Final two pages torn out.

Marbled paper wrappers.

Beinecke Osborn c175

Just one blank leaf at the beginning, two at the end (first one with a strip cut out at the bottom), so basically a filled book.

Paper is quite brown, possibly cheap.

Worn marble board front cover with green (seemingly paper) half-binding.

Back cover missing but contents complete.

Beinecke Osborn c176

Pre-bound paperbook. Compiler writes to the outer edge of pages, but leaves a generous inner margin.

Calf binding with gilt trim.

Beinecke Osborn c179

Post-bound. Words disappear into the gutter; one section of the book is written in faded ink or pencil with sideways orientation, so seems to have been produced separately from other items in the manuscript.

Half sheep, paper boards. Seems homemade.

Beinecke Osborn c180

Post-bound. Writing goes into the gutters and to the edges of pages; no blank pages.

Calf with gilt border.

Beinecke Osborn c186

Stitched as a single gathering of 160 pages.

A very plain book.

Beinecke Osborn c187

Post-bound. Writing is very tight into the gutters. Poems continue from one page to next throughout, though the quire of paper was likely together from the beginning of compilation.

Pages sewn together from the top to the bottom on the page, rather than in fold (can’t tell if it's also one gathering); separate vellum covers sewn on front and back; no spine.

Morocco case and vellum cover page.

"Ancient Manuscript" on spine of morocco case and vellum cover page.

Beinecke Osborn c189

Full calf.

Spine has probably been repaired.

Beinecke Osborn c193

Pre-bound paperbook. 119 blank pages; Reference in opening poem "this fair Book with gaudy Coat" suggests a per-bound notebook. 

Speckled calf binding with gilt decorations. Gilt foredges. Marbled endpapers.

Beinecke Osborn c241

Thick boards, without title. 

Worn by use, it seems. Perhaps originally a very thin calf or vellus half-binding, but could just be some kind of waxed paper. 

Beinecke Osborn c258

Pre-Bound. One gathering of paper. 

One loose page which seems to have been cut on one edge; watermark is different, though roughly the same size.

Simple brown paper cover.

Title written on the front cover: "A Collection of Poems."

Beinecke Osborn c265

Post-Bound (stitched). None; first page also serves as the cover of this single quire of paper that was stitched together. 

Middle section on slightly smaller-sized paper. 

Beinecke Osborn c341

Original vellum on boards, in good condition.

Spine seems to have number ‘12’ written on it at top.

Beinecke Osborn c343

Pre-bound. Marbled paper boards with very thin half-binding of calf or waxed paper to look brown. 

Beinecke Osborn c351


Original vellum; simple lines tooled around outer edges of front and back. 

Beinecke Osborn c360 (1/3)

“Vol. III” on spine.

Vellum-covered boards, decorative vine-pattern tooling around page edges.

Beinecke Osborn c360 (2/3)

Vellum-covered boards, decorative vine-pattern tooling around page edges.

Spine is quite elaborate, reads: M.S. Selections by Col G. Lepipre/ 1753/ III.

Marbled endpapers. 

Beinecke Osborn c360 (3/3)


Vellum-covered boards, decorative vine-pattern tooling around page edges.

Beinecke Osborn c376

Pre-Bound. Many blank pages; suggesting this book was purchased with this binding. 

Calf with double rectangle pattern; middle in lighter colour. 2 clasps. some bookworm holds on back cover and in blank section 

Beinecke Osborn c382

Calf with gold tooling around border; spine is labelled: MSS 

Beinecke Osborn c391

Pre-bound paperbook. Significant lack of order across volume, items stuffed in, repetitions. The gutter never swallows the text. 

Green binding.

Beinecke Osborn c481

No notes on binding.

Beinecke Osborn c536

Contemporary vellum.

Beinecke Osborn c548

Pre-bound. Many blanks.

Contemporary full leather, blind-tooled.

Beinecke Osborn c563

Pre-bound. Binding is very tight and solid, despite wear on the spine. Several blank pages.

Spine title reads "Poems."

Catalogue entry says: "Contemporary(?) full calf; banded and gilt-stamped spine. Red Morocco label." 

Beinecke Osborn c570

Pre-bound, multiple paperbooks. Compiled over time; writing is never swallowed by gutter; various use of space; tear-outs to final volume.

Original vellum, ruled boards.

Beinecke Osborn c591

Paper wrapper with printed scene on cover.

Copperplate engraving. The conjugate leaves of the opening cut-out pages are still in the end of the volume.

Beinecke Osborn c595

Pre-bound paperbook. Includes a later addition, which likely capitalised on remaining blank pages. Re-bound in the 19th century after the completion of the second section.

Contemporary tree calf, covers edged in gilt; gilt spine decorations. Green oilcloth end papers.


Beinecke Osborn c651

Contemporary marbled paper wrappers.

Beinecke Osborn c662

Contemporary half-calf over marbled paper boards; gilt edges on paper. Seal marks on endpapers. 

Beinecke Osborn c688

Pre-bound paperbook. Blank pages.

Contemporary quarter sheep over marbled paper boards.

Beinecke Osborn c82

Stiff paper wrappers, with an engraving on the upper cover. Stitching very visible along spine.

Beinecke Osborn c83

Post-Bound, all volumes. Stitched gatherings likely composed in sections, ordered, numbered, and bound at once. pages not evenly trimmed; volume sizes are not uniform. 

All volumes have same binding, which looks somewhat homemade.

All volumes bound in vellum with gold detail around edge; hand-drawn black ink lines around gold detailing. Tooling is often uneven. 

Vellum, without titles. 

Volume 4 cover boards are warped and have a concave curve. 

Beinecke Osborn c90

Pre-bound paperbook. Some trimming is quite close to the ends of lines, but writing on verso pages seems to respect a gutter already there. Recto pages leave quite a wide margin on the left. Possibly later trimmed at the top for binding, but not all around. Recto pages sometimes finished above/below the line, showing awareness of the edge.

Contemporary sheep, rebacked with title: "Poems MS 1779."

Beinecke Osborn c91

Contemporary half sheep, broken. 

Beinecke Osborn d226

Pre-bound paperbook. Includes some blank pages and different text orientations.

Marbled endpapers.

Full calf with gilt decoration.

Beinecke Osborn d232

Likely once a stitched notebook. This book is now completely dismantled into separate pages, though a couple remain attached to one another.

Beinecke Osborn d233

Half parchment over blue-paper-covered boards.

Beinecke Osborn d256

Pre-Bound and Re-Bound. Likely trimmed for rebinding but originally bound before transcription. 15 blanks at end.

Quarter calf over marbled paper boards.

Beinecke Osborn d258

Full mottled calf.

Beinecke Osborn d267

7 gatherings can clearly be seen along the spine, seemingly of 12 leaves each.

Quarter calf over marbled paper boards.

In poor shape.

Beinecke Osborn d447

Final page is numbered 144, and back cover is numbered 155. One gathering likely lost. 

Original grey boards. Calf spine repaired.

Beinecke Osborn d49

Pre-bound paperbook. Writing stays well away from the margins and given the consistency of style, the poems appear to have been copied as a group.

Half calf, with title: "Miscellaneous Poetry."

Beinecke Osborn d492

Original half calf over marbled paper boards.

Beinecke Osborn d494

Pre-bound. Large quantity of blanks.

Contemporary full calf. Gold tooling around edge of cover and also along binding fore-edges. 

Beinecke Osborn d512

Pre-bound paperbook. Volume two is more than half blank. 

Original marbled paper wrappers.

Beinecke Osborn d69

Pre-bound paperbook. Pp. 95–98 cut-out; writing respects gutters. 

Half calf over marbled paper boards.

Spine missing.

Beinecke Osborn d80

Pre-Bound. Large blank section at end suggests pre-binding in some form; 12-13 gatherings of +/- 16 leaves each; gilt edges of pages.

Black calf; gold tooling around edges of front and back covers.

Beinecke Osborn d93

Very plain binding and stitching. Appears to be composed of about 12 gatherings of 12 leaves each. First gathering only contains 6 leaves, some may be missing. 

Original Vellum

Beinecke Osborn fc124

Pre-bound paperbook. Signs of print and manuscript inserts, as well as uneven pagination and excised pages.

Full parchment. 

Beinecke Osborn fc130

Pre-bound paperbook. Multiple excisions; 20 blank pages at the end of the volume.

Full parchment.

Beinecke Osborn fc132

Post-bound. Some of the pages at the beginning of the ms have been folded and unfolded, which might suggest the book was bound after compilation.

Contemporary half-calf over marbled-board, gold-tooled.

Spine with title: "Miscellanies Vol. I. Poetical Extracts."


Beinecke Osborn fc135

Pre-bound paperbook. Many blanks.

Beinecke Osborn fc183

Pre-bound paperbook. No writing into the gutter; two paper additions inserted at the end.

Contemporary half calf over marbled paper boards.

Beinecke Osborn fc185

Half calf over paper-covered board.

Back cover missing.

In gilt on spine: “Gleanings.”

Beinecke Osborn fc205

Contemporary full green-stained parchment. 

Beinecke Osborn fc51

Pre-bound, some blank pages.

Some middle folios are loose.

Quarter Morocco with red-coloured paper guards; corner guards worn away. Spine labelled: BOSCAWEN POEMS 174[ ].

Beinecke Osborn fc58

Pre-bound, blank paperbook. Two continuous hands with additions by a third on the last two pages, partial margin rules.

Panelled calf.

Beinecke Osborn fd32

Pre-bound paperbook. Many blank pages.

Full parchment.

Bodleian MS Eng. poet. c. 9

Post-bound. Variable watermarks and some items pasted together to form pages – a book created from separate gatherings and sheets.

Bodleian MS Eng. poet. d. 189

Re-bound. Modern binding.

Book originally quite worn, judging from condition of first few pages—may not have been bound in anything permanent.

Bodleian MS Eng. poet. d. 47

Pre-bound paperbook. Gilt page edges, generous use of white space, use of verso pages to add some final items.

Re-bound later, modern binding.

Bodleian MS Eng. poet. e. 109

Pre-bound paperbook. Seventy-six blank pages.

Seemingly dyed calf. Simple ornamentation via a roller-type instrument as border of front & back covers.

Bodleian MS Eng. poet. e. 111

Pre-bound paperbook. 101 leaves, fifty-eight blank.


Bodleian MS Eng. poet. e. 18

Pre-bound paperbook. Some indication of crowding towards the gutter and the edge of the pages; only 24/ 42 pages are filled.

Subsequently rebound (later decorative binding, perhaps commissioned by Mrs. Sophia Wallis).

Bodleian MS Eng. poet. e. 28

Pp. 65 and 66 cut out.

Calf with gilt decoration around the edges.

Bodleian MS Eng. poet. e. 39

Pre-bound. Addition of page at front for index suggests using saved space in a pre-bound book.

Subsequently rebound. Endboards of original book seem to be pasted down onto binding.

Seemingly green vellum (seems smoother than calf) with clasp on the back.

Bodleian MS Eng. poet. e. 40

Pre-bound paperbook. Note on the final page before the index.

Subsequently rebacked. 

Calf with simple square decoration.

Bodleian MS Eng. poet. e. 47

Pre-bound paperbook. Entire book is filled, pages are cut out at the end, and writing is cramped by the gutter and the edge of the page.


Bodleian MS Eng. poet. f. 28

Pre-bound paperbook, likely. Fifteen blank pages, forty-five full pages.

Single-gathering booklet covered with marble paper.

Bodleian MS Harding b. 41

Post-bound. Handstitched booklet of several gatherings.

Bodleian MS Mont. e. 13

Seemingly vellum. Very decorative inside, with marbled paper boards. Paper of third book is a smaller size. 

Bodleian MS Mont. e. 14

Calf. Possibly a tree pattern.

British Library Add. MS 28102

Pre-bound paperbook. Blank pages between headings in the commonplace section; handwriting goes near the gutter and outer edge of page on right hand sides, but never beyond; uniform watermarks throughout the book—could be a paperbook that was completed with the retrospective prose and poetry pages later in life.

Modern covers.

British Library Add. MS 29981

Pre-bound, blank paperbook. Uniform margins; writing never approaches the gutter.

Paper cover.

British Library Add. MS 37684


British Library Add. MS 58802

Pre-bound paperbook. Eighty-seven pages blank; leaves excised at various points.

Contemporary binding of green calf over card, with compartment of single gilt rule on covers and gilt oval tools between false bands on spine.

Large-comb endpapers.

British Library Add. MS 59656

Seemingly green calf with gilt trim.

British Library Add. MS 70494

Decorative red morocco with gilt page edges.

British Library Add. MS 75569

Subsequently rebound (twentieth century dark blue morocco).

Montagu emblem stamped in gold on the cover.

Chawton House 2622, MAN LOF

Pre-bound paperbook. Over half of the pages blank. 

Hardbound volume with closing clasps.

Chawton House 4946, MAN WIL

Pre-bound paperbook. Third notebook is smaller, and less than half full.

Three loose-cover notebooks.

Clark MS 1948.003

Post-bound. Cover slightly smaller than page at the bottom, and cover pasted on.

Single large gathering, with front and back pages pasted onto vellum cover. Defective spine. 

Clark MS 1950.025

Pre-bound paperbook. Book entirely filled to the index, then 6 blank pages, probably reserved for continuation of the index.

Bound in full contemporary brown calf; blind tooled; spine cracked with loose pages and detached covers.

Clark MS 1956.002

Pre-bound paperbook. S[maltese cross]G pages written right to the outer edges, but line breaks before the ends of lines.

Vellum, wallet style (with front flap tucking into back slot).

Marbled endpapers.

Clark MS 1968.002

Pre-bound paperbook. Blank pages put to ulterior uses.


Clark MS 1976.014

Pre-bound paperbook. Many blank pages. One or more pages may be torn out at the beginning of the volume.

Loose hinges and some loose pages. 

Original vellum.

Front and back endpapers torn with traces of red sealing wax.

Clark MS 1982.001

Speckled calf with plain lines around outer edges.

Paper used to build up back cover board.

Clark MS 1982.002

Post-bound. Page widths uneven; poems continue across gatherings of slightly different sizes.

Original binding was contemporary calf. 

Subsequently re-bound in marbled paper boards with vellum spine.


Clark MS 1983.001

Half calf with marbled paper boards.

Clark MS 1983.002

Full vellum.

Clark MS 1984.001

Post-Bound. Binding made-up of gatherings created separately; seven clearly distinguishable gatherings.

Original full calf with paper overlays. Backstrip defective.

Clark MS 1984.004

Vellum with simple tooling.

Clark MS 1986.003

Mottled calf.

"Negotiolum Bellæ" on spine. 

Latin motto on an engraved plate on front inside cover. 

Clark MS 1987.001

Pre-bound paperbook, but subsequently rebound for presentation. Writing is sometimes adapted to the outer edge of paper, or title is squeezed into the gutter.

Bound in brown leather (possibly calf) with substantial water damage to front and back covers, as well as spine and some pages.

Spine reads: "Poems and Riddles," suggesting this binding was created for the book.

Clark MS 1993.001

Vellum, with the remains of metal clasps. 

Clark MS 1994.001

Red morocco with decorative borders and spine. Gilt page edges. Marbled inside covers.

Clark MS 2000.005

Bound in contemporary straight-grained red morocco with gilt edges and neo-classical ornaments on spines.

Erroneous labelling of volume 4 as volume 3 on spine – the first 3 volumes are labelled “Sanderson’s Poems,” the fourth volume as “Sanderson’s Memoirs.”

Clark MS 2008.023

All four volumes: Bound in speckled calf; front and back boards partially or completely detached from spine.

Clark MS 2010.030

Bound in vellum over boards with gilt lettering on spine and sprinkled edges.

Clark MS 2015.014

Bound in eighteenth-century tree calf, rubbed, spine cracked but binding still intact.

"Epitaphs" on spine.

Clark MS 2019.001

Pre-bound paperbook. Avoidance of gutters, addition of last item in blank space at the end. 

Marbled paper boards with calf, marbled paper rubbed off in places with wear to extremities. 

Clark MS 2019.032

Pre-bound paperbook. Many blanks, only about a third of the pages have been used.

Red morocco, rubbed, with gilt edging.

Front board detached, and first few leaves loose.

Clark MS 2019.038

Pre-Bound. Single gathering.

Original paper wrappers with engraving to front board, somewhat worn, front cover detaching.

Folger MS M.a.103

Original calf.

Spine labelled "Poems: on Various Subjects."

Folger MS M.a.104

Original calf.

Spine labelled "POEMS." 

Folger MS M.a.110

First 19 leaves are slightly narrower than those of the rest of the book.

Handwritten marking on spine, perhaps says "Misc P[oems]"

Original vellum— can see skin speckling and three gathering stitches.

Folger MS M.a.116

Pre-bound. Created from a soft-covered paperbook. Subsequently rebound; items from decayed covers now pasted onto inside covers of new board binding.

Title page covered with silk for protection.

Pasteboard covers much decayed.

Folger MS M.a.142

Pre-bound paperbook. Writing goes right into the gutter.

Half red roan, marbled paper boards.

Folger MS M.a.15

Post-bound. Book is entirely filled, spine is titled, and page numbers are cut off.

On spine: "Miscellanies."

Contemporary calf.

Folger MS M.a.160

Post-bound, likely. Pages at some points written very close to the edge - trimmed later for binding? Writing occasionally goes right into the gutter [see p. 196].

Some loose bits of paper; at least one paper bound in.

Papers, handwritten and printed, pasted-in.

Plain marbled paper boards, even on spine.

Folger MS M.a.162

Multiple pages cut out (after binding) between pp. 4 and 5.

Contemporary full red morocco, gilt. 

Very decorative gold tooling on the spine and along the inside cover's edges. 

Folger MS M.a.163

Original half calf, marbled paper board covers are detached.

Presently in fragile condition. 

Folger MS M.a.164

Pre-bound paperbook. Many blank pages, seemingly an abandoned project. 

Original half sheep, marbled paper boards.

Folger MS M.a.165-166

Pre-bound paperbook. Significant number of blank pages.

Lettered on spine: M.a.165 "Extracts Poetry. Pope &c.," M.a.166 "Extracts Poetry. Pomfret &c. M. S."

Bound in are two printed books, De-La-Cour’s "A prospect on poetry," 1734, and Pope’s "An essay on criticism," 1709, cataloged separately.

Contemporary calf.

Folger MS M.a.169

Post-bound. Writing goes quite far into the gutter, though there are also many blank pages, perhaps intended for further entries.

Original half calf, rebacked.

Folger MS M.a.170

Pre-bound paperbook. 

Grey-blue boards with red leather spine and corners; at some point the corners seem to have been cut back from squares to triangles with gold decoration. 

Folger MS M.a.174

Pre-bound paperbook. Section of blank leaves near end. Subsequently rebound.

Original red morocco and gold.

Marbled endpapers.

Folger MS M.a.179

One sewed-in leaf with pasted-on page of a “favourite Irish song” between pp. 48 and 49. 

Original vellum. 

Folger MS M.a.180

Pre-bound paperbook. Thirty-one blank leaves at the end of the book, and marbled edges.

Original sprinkled calf, gilt; paper has marbled edges.

Folger MS M.a.181

Original red morocco, gilt.


Marbled endpapers.

Folger MS M.a.182

Subsequently rebound in the 1970s, retaining original covers of calf, gold-tooled, over boards. The title label from the spine, "Manuscript Collection," was also retained.

Folger MS M.a.183

Original black roan.

Subsequently rebacked. 

Marbled paper on insides of covers.

Gilt edges of pages.

Folger MS M.a.185

Post-bound. Writing goes quite close to the gutter and margins.

Original calf, labelled "Miscellanies MS./Vol. I."

Folger MS M.a.186

Post-bound. Sense that the gatherings making up the book are not necessarily compiled in order of writing/copying; pages not trimmed.

Pages quite worn, edges show separate sections of gatherings.

Original vellum, lettered "VI MSS POETR."

Folger MS M.a.187

Post-bound. Page gatherings quite visible from the edges of book, not trimmed evenly, though there are also five blank leaves at the end.

Original half vellum marbled paper boards, spine labelled "A Collection of Poetry."

Folger MS M.a.231

Pre-bound paperbook. There are some leaves beyond where the entries end, the rest of the book being entirely blank; writing goes right to outer edges of the pages, but no evidence of trimming.

Tooled leather binding from the period; no label on spine.

Folger MS M.a.53–58

Post-bound. Pages trimmed very evenly.

Marbled paper boards and calf backstrips.

Red labels, "Poems," ca. 1795-1817, replaced by Folger in 1952 with green cloth backstrips.

Folger MS M.b.13

Pre-bound paperbook. Spine is labelled “Commonplace Book," suggesting that the manuscript was purchased for this purpose; cut alphabetical tabs.

Very plain binding; marbled paper boards, subsequently rebacked.

Folger MS M.b.21

Vellum with gold decoration.

Folger MS M.b.23

Pre-bound paperbook. Stubs of excised leaves. 

Red cloth. Subsequently rebound with modern binding.

Folger MS N.b.3

Original paneled calf sides.

Subsequently rebacked. 

Folger MS W.a.103

Pre-bound paperbook. 300 blank pages at the end.

Simple binding, back cover detached. 

Spine is labelled: "Ballads &c Vol. I" 

Folger MS W.a.118

Post-bound. Filled, the writing goes completely into the gutter, and even subsequent pencil notes go into the gutter, so bound very late. Originally a slim notebook or set of gatherings.

Modern binding.

Folger MS W.a.119

Pre-bound paperbook. Incomplete—half of the book is completely blank. 

Contemporary calf binding with simple gold decoration.

Folger MS W.a.271

11 completely blank leaves in the middle. 

Possibly two different bindings put together, though weight and size of paper appear very similar in both sections; break occurs in blank middle section; binding is coming apart there.

Possibly subsequently rebound as the binding leather is on the spine only, but labelled “Poetry.”

One flyleaf page torn out.

Contemporary binding, marbled paper boards.

Folger MS W.a.86

Pre-bound paperbook, possibly. About 60% of the book unused, eighty-two leaves, and writing crowds letters close to the outside margins, suggesting the compiler is working to the given page size.

Stitching visible at inside back cover.

Seemingly original calf.

Houghton MS Am 1013

Post-bound. No blanks. 

Bound pamphlet style. 

"Revolutionary Lyrics" written on the back-cover.

Houghton MS Am 1369

Post-bound. The writing goes into the gutter on the first page.

Visible string holding the pages together, ie. the binding is quite loose. 

Paper covers.

Houghton MS Am 1894

Volume 1: Post-bound, pasteboard;

Volume 2: Post-bound, leather.

Both bindings appear amateur - Vol. 1 has stab-stitched gathering reinforced by burlap strips; Vol. 2 has stitching down the middle of the spine exterior.

Houghton MS Am 1894.1(1)

Post-bound. No blanks, and the final item fits perfectly on the last page.

Paper binding.

Houghton MS Am 1919

Pre-bound paperbook. Two blank pages between the last item and the index; no writing in the gutter.

Marbled pasteboards.

Houghton MS Am 910
Pre-bound paperbook. Blanks; addition of final items presumably at a later date. 
Bound in quarter green cloth with marbled paper boards.
Houghton MS Eng 1280

Pre-bound paperbooks. No blanks, no words swallowed by the spine; some annotations written in sideways. 

Red leather bindings.

Houghton MS Eng 1323

Pre-bound paperbook. Many blanks. 

Leather binding with gold tooling. Marbled endpapers.

Houghton MS Eng 569.63

Bound in quarter leather with marbled paper boards.

Houghton MS Eng 584

Calf, subsequently rebacked. Likely copied into gatherings, then post-bound.

Houghton MS Eng 606

Later green vellum, subsequently rebacked.

Houghton MS Eng 611

“Poetry” printed on the fore-edge of the closed book.

Titles from spine.  


Houghton MS Eng 614

Bound after compilation. Writing goes into the gutter eg. pp. 242, 260.

Vellum. “Hymns” printed on the fore-edge of the closed book.

Houghton MS Eng 680
Pre-bound paperbook. Blanks interspersed throughout the manuscript.
Subsequently rebacked.
Bound in quarter calf with marbled paper boards.
Houghton MS Eng 692

Quarter leather with marbled paper boards.

Houghton MS Eng 768

Red morocco, gilt. 

Houghton MS Eng 926

Limp vellum.

Houghton MS Hyde 35 (4)

Red quarter-morocco slipcase.

Houghton MS Hyde 35 (5)

In a red quarter-morocco slipcase.

Huntington MS 106


Huntington MS 29165

Post-bound. Writing is tight into the gutter – words usually fit, but are often written on a slant at the ends of lines whether on the outside of the recto or the gutter side of the verso – perhaps using rules margins in the original.

Green morocco with gilt decorations; spine labelled: "M.S.S."

Huntington MS 82623

Post-bound. Binding is tight.


Huntington Stowe Vol. III

Seemingly red cardboard, but in fact a worn, thin morocco; green spine with gilded tooling. 

Leeds Brotherton Lt 100

Vellum with some blind tooling, worn and somewhat discoloured.

Leeds Brotherton Lt 103

Bound in boards which have worn marbling on the outside and with a slightly damaged leather spine.

Leeds Brotherton Lt 104

Pre-bound paperbook. Multiple blanks; writing never approaches close to the spine.

Medium brown leather with blind tooling on the outside covers and spine and marbling on the inside covers and endpapers.

Leeds Brotherton Lt 106

Pre-bound paperbook, likely. Stretches of blank pages ff. 90v–123v and ff. 148v–191.

Plain vellum pasted on boards.

Leeds Brotherton Lt 11

Post-bound. No blanks; spine title suggests it was bound by someone else as part of a larger collection of manuscripts. 


Eighteenth-century panelled calf.

Leeds Brotherton Lt 110

Pre-bound paperbook. Ff. 74-88 are blank; writing never swallowed by the spine and verso sides of first leaves likely filled in later.

Green morocco with some gilt tooling on the covers and spine, which is damaged.

Leeds Brotherton Lt 119

Pre-bound paperbook. f. 180v numbered 181, then f. 181 numbered 182 ie. compiler was using the verso side in order to fit a final item into the book before the index. 

Bound in calf with gilt line around edge of front cover; in very fragile state, separated into pieces.

Leeds Brotherton Lt 12

Pre-bound paperbook. Many blanks; also the fact that a second compiler took it over suggests it was pre-bound.

Quarter leather and cloth boards, front board loose. Four leather ties.

Leeds Brotherton Lt 123

Pre-bound paperbook. Blank from pp. 186–217.

Subsequently rebound.

Late eighteenth- early nineteenth-century half calf, with marbled paper boards, spine gilt in compartments. 

Leeds Brotherton Lt 125

Pre-bound paperbook. Tear-outs at the end of the manuscript.

Eighteenth-century worn vellum with “Poem’s”[sic] lettered on the front cover.

Leeds Brotherton Lt 15

Pre-bound paperbook. No blanks, this book is filled to the brim, but the writing never approaches the gutters.

Rough calf, front cover detached.

Leeds Brotherton Lt 20

Pre-bound paperbook. Writing is never swallowed by gutter. p. 62 and 97 blank, but seemingly a decorative choice to distinguish between poems/ sections.

PDF does not show the label MISCEL/POEMS that the catalogue mentions, but morocco spine and label appear to have been added to a pre-bound book that began as a collection of Dryden’s Virgilian poems, then with miscellany poems added to fill it up.

Contemporary calf with some blind tooling; rebacked with red morocco label lettered MISCEL/POEMS, and re-cornered.

Leeds Brotherton Lt 24

Pre-bound paperbooks, made from at least two separate books. Subsequently rebound together after compilation. Text frequently runs into the gutter, suggesting subsequent binding of at least two paperbooks or perhaps several loose gatherings that were once paginated continuously but are now broken into blocks.

[Lt 53 (by the same compiler) is also made up of at least two pre-bound paperbooks, and was composed around the same time.]

Red morocco gilt, back board and flyleaves nearly detached.

Leeds Brotherton Lt 35

Pre-bound paperbook. Many blanks, some tear-outs. 

Vellum on cardboard, with a double fillet in blind running along each edge near the edge.

Leeds Brotherton Lt 36

Pre-bound paperbook. No blanks, writing never swallowed by the spine, adjusted to fit page width. The additions in the second hand also suggest a pre-bound book that had space remaining after the primary compiler’s portion was completed.

Modern sheep gilt, antique style.

Leeds Brotherton Lt 45

Post-bound. Very tight trimming of tops and bottoms of pages.

Seemingly vellum on boards, front piece partly torn away, black cloth spine of later date.

Leeds Brotherton Lt 53

Pre-bound from two paperbooks. Subsequently rebound after compilation. Writing never goes into the spine, and there are no blanks; in a note to his brother [p. 71], Coles writes “I cannot go on wth it, for want of another Book; wch I hope you will be so good as to send.”

Limp green sheepskin.

Leeds Brotherton Lt 61

Pre-Bound stitched notebook with pictorial cover. (thirteen blank pages after the final page of book two).

Leeds Brotherton Lt 93

Pre-bound paperbook. Many blanks.

Note on interior of front-cover says original half sheep.

Leeds Brotherton Lt 99

Bound in plain vellum which is somewhat worn and discoloured.

Leeds Brotherton Ltq 51

Pre-bound paperbook. Many blanks.

Vellum cover with some blind tooling and “3:F/Sup:Fine/Poems” written at the top of the spine in brown ink.

Princeton Taylor no. 87


UChicago Library Codex Ms. 515

Post-Bound. Seems to be 3 gatherings; one of 8 leaves, then a bifolium of 2 leaves, then one set of 10 leaves. Marbled cover suggest a binding date several decades later than the manuscript's creation.

May have been a collection of unbound gatherings for a period of time. 

Quarter vellum with marbled brown paper over thin boards.

UChicago Library Codex Ms. 522

Pre-bound. Accounting book with ruled columns at page edges and alphabetical guide notches at the beginning of the book. 

Full green stained vellum with blind-tooled borders; red sprinkled edges.

UChicago Library Codex Ms. 523

Pre-bound. The top edge seems to have been trimmed, so original book was likely rebound.

Compiler is very conscious of avoiding the gutter and margins, frequently squeezing parts of words or writing above line to fit.

Wallet style binding of green-stained vellum over boards; evidence of missing ties.

Marbled endpapers (one side only) and marbled edges on spine, likely a simple fore-edge binding. 

UChicago Library Codex Ms. 549

Pre-bound, from multiple paperbooks. 40 and 100 blank pages at the ends of volumes 1 and 2, respectively.

Green Morocco with a striped texture; gold tooling; marbled endpapers.

UChicago Library Codex Ms. 551

Pre-bound, likely. No words in the gutter.

Detached boards.

UChicago Library Codex Ms. 553

Post-bound. Book is completely full; all of the pages except for the Table of Contents look like they've been folded into four columns and then unfolded; very wide margins.

Reverse calf over boards with blind-tooled panelling. Covers are broken off.

UChicago Library Codex Ms. 556

Post-bound, likely. All pages filled. Binding style and extreme wear suggests it is original.

Mottled calf over boards; blind-tooled decorative borders on front and back boards; marbled endpapers; black stained edges.

UChicago Library Codex Ms. 557

Reverse calf over boards with blind-tooled paneling; red morocco lettering piece; half red stained, half red sprinkled edges (two blocks bound together): The two blocks of paper differ – the first is ledger paper, with red-ruled margin and three columns on right of page; the second block is blank with a pencil-ruled margin of variable width; occasionally at points, some cut-off of parts of letters because of trimming.  

UChicago Library Codex Ms. 558

Rebound; A fragment of the original binding is attached to inside front cover. 

Page edges are not evenly trimmed

UChicago Library Codex Ms. 581

Post-bound after compilation with The New Bath Guide (1766) ; navy cloth over boards.

UChicago Library Codex Ms. 636

Pre-bound. Created from a blank paperbook. More than half empty; no writing in the gutter.

UChicago Library Codex Ms. 639

Post-bound, likely. Table of Contents is swallowed by spine, so likely rebound at some point, probably 19th century; also see addition of second section of individual separates, gatherings of different sizes. First section likely created from a pre-bound book.

Vellum over boards; blind-tooled ruling; evidence of red morocco lettering piece (missing).

UChicago Library Codex Ms. 69

Post-bound, likely.

Pigskin over boards; faded marbled edges. 12 gatherings of mostly uniformly-sized paper; then 4 leaves glued in and numbered separately, titled 'Ludicrous verses'.

UChicago Library Codex Ms. 739

Half leather with marbled paper over boards

Faded gilt lettering and vol. number (3) on spine; red sprinkled edges.

UChicago Library Codex Ms. 757

Post-bound. Filling of entire book suggests binding after compilation, but if so, must have been upon completion, because paste-ins are squeezed onto inside covers and blank spaces in the book.

Vellum on boards; seemingly 4 gatherings.